Tonguibogam (Encyclopedia of Traditional Medicine of Korea)
Tonguibogam is widely known as one of three Koryo traditional medical books of Korea along with Uibangryuchwi (Manual of Traditional Medicine of Korea) and Hyangyakjipsongbang.
Ho Jun, known as a renowned doctor in his twentieth, completed it in 1610 when he was over 60.
The book has some features: Firstly, it made a comprehensive compilation of the essence of other medical books handed down until that time as befits a practical and clinical medical book easy to use. Secondly, it recorded the name of medicines in the Korean language in a sense to encourage the indigenous medicinal herbs and materials, helping the people gather and use medicinal herbs easily. Thirdly, it wrote the origin of the quoted principles and prescriptions in detail.
Tonguibogam compiled in a comprehensive manner the contemporary medical science in the Orient, and greatly affected the medical development from that time on. It wrote remedies and prescriptions developed by the Korean ancestors for thousands of years in a way suited to their life customs and physical constitutions. For this reason, the Korean people have long used it for treatment of diseases and health promotion, and it has been widely known at home and abroad as a medical encyclopedia.
The book was published in China and Japan for a long time. It was also translated and printed in Europe. A country, which boasts of its development of classical medicine, reprinted it, commenting that it is a treasure of the world. This fact alone clearly proves the high level of development of the Koryo medicine and the resourcefulness and wisdom of the Korean nation.
Staff reporter Om Yong Chol